عنوان مقاله [English]
The subject matter of the present research is government and guardianship of the jurist from perspective of Imam Khomeini and Mirza Na’ini. Some problems of the subject are discussed here comparatively with a descriptive-analytic method. The most important findings of the research are that in the case of necessity of government, Imam Khomeini proves it by reference to intellectual evidence, obviosity according to the Islamic rules, the Prophet and Imam Ali’s manner, the verses of the Qur’an and the traditions, and Mirza Na’ini proves it by reference to consensus of the wise and considers it as one of the most important Islamic rules. In the case of legitimacy, Imam Khomeini referring to the Qur’an considers the government of others than Allah illegitimate and unjust and sees legitimacy of government under a just Islamic jurist and in the absence of this system of government, sees supervision of the jurists on the laws necessary. Mirza Na’ini holds that the legitimate government in the era of absence of Imam primarily is the government led by a nominated jurist and in the lack of the conditions, legitimates the government by the jurist’s permission and supervision. As to the people’s role in government, Imam Khomeini’s system of government has two “Islamic” and “republic” aspects and the people play roles in appointing the jurist, accepting the regime and constituting the government. Mirza Na’ini considering the equality and liberty of the people in the government of the jurist advises supervision and participation of the people in the government through consulting the wise people of Ummah.