عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, macroeconomic variables such as poverty, economic inequality and income and unemployment are among the important and well-known factors in the occurrence of crime. Prevention in its various approaches, especially corrective and mechanical approaches, requires long-term planning and financial costs. The purpose of this study is to provide optimal prevention in various economic contexts of crime. In the present article, which is a descriptive-analytical and critical study in the field of types of crime prevention, the author refers to empirical research, the concepts of prioritization and continuity both in the analysis of criminal contexts and in relation to the field. Explained prevention. Crime economics studies, on the other hand, usually assess the effects of these causes separately. In the field of crime prevention, the same discriminatory approach has prevailed in social prevention. The results indicate that some economic contexts of crime, ie poverty, economic inequality and income are affected by the unemployment rate, so they have a positive and significant relationship with this macroeconomic variable. Another achievement of the present study is the indication of a criminal offense called organized crime. Thus, in addition to being independent factors in the occurrence of petty crimes such as robbery and murder in society, these factors can also originate from large-scale organized and economic crimes. In the case of various prevention approaches, instead of providing the same financial costs, the way should be paved for more effective mechanical and punitive prevention with optimal economic allocation.