عنوان مقاله [English]
Owners of vehicles have duties and responsibilities, which is necessary to pay attention to them, whether civil or criminal, in order to protect the rights of citizens and prevent the violation of their rights. The religion of Islam, which has met all human needs, has not kept silent about the criminal responsibility of the vehicle owner, and has determined the extent of his responsibility. This is a descriptive-analytical study and has been carried out by examining the latest laws about the owners of motor vehicles, with the aim of examining the principles of criminal responsibility of the owners of motor vehicles in the jurisprudence of the two schools. In explaining the differences between Shiite and Sunni opinions, it can be said that in cases such as the driver's responsibility if the vehicle is not controlled despite the ability to do so, the need to pay blood money in the cases of manslaughter due to pure error and the driver's responsibility if the rules and regulations are not observed, there is a general consensus in the driver's responsibility in case of non-compliance with the rules and regulations; Of course, in cases such as the collision of two vehicles and the death of one of the two riders, there are some differences between the statements of Sunni and Shiite scholars.