نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی ترویجی
1 دکتری گروه فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی و عضو باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی(ره) شهرری. ایران
2 دانشیار فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره) شهرری. ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
What is always referred to as puberty as the beginning of the responsibilities and limitations of the obligated human being is the attainment of a girl and a boy at a certain age; But regardless of its religious basis, puberty is a natural phenomenon with the actualization of sexual talent and reproductive powers. The criterion and rule specified in verse 6 of Surah An-Nisa '. However, many narrations and news have mentioned various signs to interpret this stage of sexual ability and have stated different ages for it. The studies of this research show that the jurisprudential arguments presented to determine age as a criterion of maturity for individuals can be criticized and damaged. At the same time, these arguments contradict the truth of maturity mentioned in the verse. Because attention to maturity in terms of ability and fertility is affected by many factors such as climate and climatic characteristics. That is why in the narrations, various ages have been expressed that have dealt with the subject of the need of the addressee of the word. However, this issue has not been much considered in the fields of jurisprudence and law, and dynamic jurisprudence is expected to have a fundamental review of the issue.
Zinzl M & Santamourls M & Kimiagar S, The role of geographical climate on human growth, Journal of national academ of sciences(NAS), 2004, 14(7(